This month’s topic: Is population growth really a bad thing?
There are two perspectives on population growth.
Today, the world has more than 7 billion people, and the number is increasing daily. Overpopulation has many effects including environmental degradation, high cost of living, high unemployment rate, increased conflicts and deterioration of resources. To avoid these effects, the best solution is to control human population, which can only be achieved by making family planning information available to all people. Some countries, such as China, have restricted couples to only have a certain number of children.
According to the Washington Post, overpopulation can be beneficial because the more people there are, the more the information economy will grow. For example, more people do more jobs, which causes innovation. People produce more art and create more technology. Another benefit is that overpopulation leads to urbanization, and as a result, cities expand. According to an infographic designed by EyeCandy, only countries with high levels of urbanization reach significant economic growth and income levels.
EyeCandy also points out that overpopulation stimulates an improved standard of living. The bigger a population in a country, the bigger the domestic market of that country. More people are able to work, which means that products are manufactured at cheaper costs and labor costs are lower, which in turn make these products more affordable to the general population. This creates economies of scale because volume increases and cost per unit decreases.
Evidence of the benefit of overpopulation to economic growth can be seen in the economies of both China and India, which are economically flourishing despite their large populations.
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